Find the common denominator.

Write as a fraction with denominator .

Multiply by .

Multiply and .

Write as a fraction with denominator .

Multiply by .

Multiply and .

Combine fractions with similar denominators.

Simplify the expression.

Subtract from .

Raise to the power of .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Multiply by .

Reduce the expression by cancelling the common factors.

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Factor out of .

Cancel the common factor.

Rewrite the expression.

Simplify the expression.

Divide by .

Subtract from .

Add and .